The butterfly species

Here are some of the species that are usually present in the Collodi Butterfly House. Many more, according to the time of year and the proposals of the farms, you can see flying through the foliage of tropical plants or gently laid on them, on fruit and flowers where butterflies feed.


Papilio-thoasA species belonging to the family Papilionidae, with particularly elongated wings that are brownish-black in colour with yellow spots. It is found in the tropics, where it flies throughout the year, from April to July in North America and during the spring and summer months in South America. It prefers the nectar of plants such as Bougainvillea and has a wingspan of about 100-130 mm.


Papilio-palinurusA species of the family Papilionidae, whose name derives from Palinurus, the helmsman of Aeneas in Virgil’s Aeneid. The dorsal side of the wings is covered by a powder of green scales. The bottom of the wings is black with large emerald green marks and bright metallic tones. It has extended tails. Its wingspan reaches about 8-10 cm.


Papilio-memnonA member of the family Papilionidae, it has thirteen subspecies and is widely distributed in South Asia. Males are much more common than females, which are particularly rare in the case of the subspecies butlerianus and alcanor. It normally flies at a height of over 2-4 m.


Pachiliopta-aristolochiaeA species belonging to the family Pipilionidae, distributed between India, Ceylon, China, Malaysia and as far as the Sunda Islands. It prefers lowland tropical forests and sunny areas. It has wing designs that vary in extension and can even be totally absent. The front wings can have white rays. Its head has a red “aposematic” (warning) colouring that makes it poisonous and unpalatable to predators. The lower end of the abdomen is characterised by a bright red patch.


Hypolimnas-bolinaAlso known as the Blue Moon Butterfly in New Zealand, it belongs to the family Nymphalidae and is mainly found in Madagascar, South-east Asia, and the Pacific islands. The male has black wings with three pairs of white spots surrounded by purple iridescence, while the female has brownish-black wings without markings except for small white dots on the bottom edge. It is a fairly common butterfly that prefers wooded areas, with dense, humid brush. Its wingspan is about 70- 85 mm.


Morpho-peleidesIt belongs to the Nymphalidae family and is very common and widespread in South and Central America and the Antilles. It is a species associated with rainforests that prefers open and sunny spaces. The male has a patterning on the upper side of its wings that is more blue than that of the female, while the lower side has ocellated spots with black and yellow edges on a brown background. It is attracted to fermented fruit and has a wingspan ranging from 9.5 to 12 cm.


Idea-leuconoeA species belonging to the family Nymphalidae and originating from the Indo-Australian geographical region. It is characterised by its slender body and large wings, which make it a weak but graceful flier. Both its body and wings are spotted, with black and white colours. Its wingspan varies from 9.5 to 10.8 cm.


From the Nymphalidae family, the Postman butterfly, as it is also known, lives mainly in Central America and Brazil. It prefers tropical zones or plains with sparse vegetation. Its wing design is highly variable, although its particularly elongated wings have characteristic orange rays. It flies close to the ground and sleeps in groups at night.


Also known as the Zebra Longwing, it belongs to the Nymphalidae family and is widely found in South America, Central America and the southern United States. It is a large tropical butterfly with wings that have yellow stripes on a black background. It feeds on pollen and nectar from flowers and flies in swarms. Its privileged haunts are the edges of rivers and forests. Its wingspan can even reach 10 cm.

Graphium Agamemnon

Belonging to the Papilionidae family, it is native to Indonesia and is also known as the green triangle due to its shape and the colour of its wings. Its life cycle lasts a little over a month, from the egg to the adult stage. It normally flies among the treetops, descending to ground level only when looking for flowers and plants.

Danaus Plexippus

Known as the Monarch, it belongs to the Nymphalidae family and is distributed throughout America. Many American countries have adopted it as their “national insect”, including the United States. Its wings are orange in colour, with black veins and white marks along the edge. The caterpillar has black, yellow and white stripes. Its wingspan varies from 7.5 to 10 cm.

Caligo Memnon

Also known as the Pale Owl butterfly, it is part of the Nymphalidae family and lives in the rainforests and secondary forests of Mexico and in the Amazon forest. It can have a wingspan of even 150 mm. The ocellate markings on its wings seems to be a defensive mechanism of the butterfly, which, especially when upside down, is similar in appearance to the head of an owl.

Attacus Atlas

This moth belongs to the Saturniidae family and is found in the tropical forests of Asia. Also known as the Cobra butterfly, it is one of the largest species in the world and owes its name to the pattern on its wings, which is similar in colour to that of a cobra.